American Decades Primary Sources, 1970–1979

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Cynthia Rose

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA

American decades primary sources / edited by Cynthia Rose.
v. cm.

Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents: [1] 1900-1909—[2] 1910-1919—[3] 1920-1929—[4] 1930-1939—[5] 1940-1949—[6] 1950-1959—[7] 1960-1969—[8] 1970-1979—[9] 1980-1989—[10] 1990-1999.

ISBN 0-7876-6587-8 (set : hardcover : alk. paper)—ISBN 0-7876-6588-6 (v. 1 : hardcover : alk. paper)—ISBN 0-7876-6589-4 (v. 2 : hardcover : alk. paper)—ISBN 0-7876-6590-8 (v. 3 : hardcover : alk. paper)—ISBN 0-7876-6591-6 (v. 4 : hardcover : alk. paper)—ISBN 0-7876-6592-4 (v. 5 : hardcover : alk. paper)—ISBN 0-7876-6593-2 (v. 6 : hardcover : alk. paper)—ISBN 0-7876-6594-0 (v. 7 : hardcover : alk. paper)—ISBN 0-7876-6595-9 (v. 8 : hardcover : alk. paper)—ISBN 0-7876-6596-7 (v. 9 : hardcover : alk. paper)—ISBN 0-7876-6597-5 (v. 10 : hardcover : alk. paper)

1. United States—Civilization—20th century—Sources. I. Rose, Cynthia.

E169.1.A471977 2004
973.91—dc21

2002008155


Printed in the United States of America
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1


Following is a list of the copyright holders who have granted us permission to reproduce material in this volume of American Decades Primary Sources. Every effort has been made to trace copyright, but if omissions have been made, please let us know.

Copyrighted material in American Decades Primary Sources, 1970–1979, was reproduced from the following periodicals: The American Federationist, v. 77, May, 1970; v. 78, June 1971. Reproduced by permission.—The American Scholar, v. 44, Winter, 1974–75 for "Theater: The Stages of Joseph Papp" by Stanley Kauffmann. Copyright © 1974 by the United Chapters of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. Reproduced by permission of the author.—Christian Century, June 26, 1974; May 26, 1976; February 7–14, 1979; March 28, 1979. Reproduced by permission.—Clayton, Robert. From "Some Characteristics of the Historically Black Colleges," in ERIC Number ED176651, 1979.—Columbia Journalism Review, March/April, 1976 for "The New Regime at The New Republic: Or, Much Ado About Martin Peretz" by Robert Sherrill. © 1976 Graduate School of Journalism, Columbia University. Reprinted by permission of the publisher and the author.—Dance Magazine, October, 1978. Copyright 1978 by Danad Publishing Company, Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Dance Magazine, Inc.—Esquire, v. 83, April, 1975 for "The Doctrine of Multinational Sell" by Robert Scheer. Copyright © 1975, Esquire Associates. Reproduced by permission of Creators Syndicate on behalf of the author.—Film Quarterly, v. 29, Winter, 1975–76 for "Nashville" by Connie Byrne and William O Lopez. Copyright © 1975–76 by The Regents of the University of California. Reproduced by permission.—Fortune, v. 81, March, 1970. © 1958 Time Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Harvard Educational Review, v. 41, August 1971. Copyright © 1971 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Harvard Educational Review, v. 49, February 1979. Copyright © 1979 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission./ v. 49, November 1979. Harvard Educational Review, Copyright © by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of the author.—Journal of Business Ethics, v. 11, 1992. Reproduced by permission with kind permission from Kluwer Academic Publishers.—Journal of Chronic Disease, v. 26, 1973. Reproduced by permission.—Journal of the American Medical Association, v. 238, August 22, 1977. Reproduced by permission.—Language Arts, v. 56, November/December, 1979 for "The Frenetic Fantastic Phonic Backlash" by Maryann Eeds-Kniep. Copyright © 1979 by the National Council of Teachers of English. Reproduced by permission of the publisher.—Life, v. 170, March 19, 1971; September 1, 1972. © 1971, 1972 Time Inc. Reproduced by permission.—Ms. Magazine, v. 1, July 1, 1972. Reproduced by permission./ 1972 for "Sisterhood" by Gloria Steinem. © 1972 Ms. Magazine. Reproduced by permission of the author.—The Nation (New York), January, 1979. © 1979 The Nation magazine/ The Nation Company, Inc. Reproduced by permission.—National Geographic, v. 150, December 1976. Reproduced by permission./ v. 154, December 1978 for "Smallpox—Epitaph for a Killer?" by Donald A. Henderson. Reproduced by permission of the author.—New York Daily News, May 28, 1970. Reproduced by permission. —The New York Times, April 12, 1970; July 29, 1970; September 20, 1970; July 14, 1972; September 6, 1972; June 11, 1973; February 24, 1974; April 9, 1974; January 15, 1975; July 6, 1975; February 29, 1976; April 23, 1976; May 2, 1976; January 28, 1977; June 7, 1977; March 26, 1979. Copyright © 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1979 by The New York Times Company. Reproduced by permission.—The New York Times Magazine, April 4, 1971; November 19, 1972. Copyright © 1971, 1972 by The New York Times Company. Reproduced by permission.—Newsweek, March 19, 1973; July 16, 1973; November 7, 1977. © 1973, 1977 Newsweek, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—The Phyllis Schlafly Report, v. 6, November, 1972 for "The Right to Be a Woman" by Phyllis Schlafly. Reproduced by permission of the author.—Ramparts, v. 10, November, 1971 for "H. Ross Perot: America's First Welfare Billionaire" by Robert Fitch.—Science, v. 191, January 23, 1976. Copyright 1976 by AAAS. Reproduced by permission of American Association for the Advancement of Science.—Scientific American, v. 222, April, 1970; v. 237, September, 1977; v. 238, March, 1978. Copyright © 1970, 1977, 1978 by Scientific American, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Sports Illustrated, December 21, 1970. Copyright © 1970, Time Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Time, May 28, 1979; July 23, 1979; September 29, 1980. © 1979, 1980 TIME Inc. Reproduced by permission.—U.S. News & World Report, May 18, 1970; v. 81, August 16, 1976. Copyright © 1970, 1976, by U.S. News & World Report, L.P. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—The Wall Street Journal, November 2, 1970; March 15, 1979. Reprinted from The Wall Street Journal © 1970, 1979 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Washington Post, June 18, 1972. © 1972, Washington Post Book World Service/Washington Post Writers Group.

Copyrighted material in American Decades Primary Sources, 1970–1979, was reproduced from the following books: Aaron, Henry, with Lonnie Wheeler. From I Had A Hammer: The Hank Aaron Story. HarperCollins Publishers, 1991. Copyright © 1991 by Henry Aaron with Lonnie Wheeler. All rights reserved. Reproduced in the U.S. by permission of HarperCollins Publishers. Reproduced in the U.K. by permission of David Black Literary Agency.—Anonymous. In Go Ask Alice. An Avon Flare Book, 1982. Copyright © 1971 by Prentice-Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Simon & Schuster Macmillan.—Bird, Larry, with Bob Ryan. From Larry Bird: Drive, The Story of My Life. Doubleday, 1989. Copyright © 1989 by Larry Bird. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Doubleday, a division of Random House, Inc.—Blumberg, B.S. From Hepatitis B: The Virus, the Disease, and the Vaccine. Edited by Irving Millman, Toby K. Eisenstein, and Baruch S. Blumberg. Plenum Press, 1984. Copyright © 1984 by Plenum Press, a Division of Plenum Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of the publisher and the author.—Bombeck, Erma. From Aunt Erma's Cope Book: How to Get From Monday to Friday … In 12 Days. McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1979. Copyright © 1979 by Erma Bombeck. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Bouton, Jim. From Ball Four: My Life and Hard Times Throwing the Knuckleball in the Big Leagues. Edited by Leonard Shecter. The World Publishing Company, 1970. Copyright © 1970 by Jim Bouton. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of the author.—Brown, Michael H. From Laying Waste: The Poisoning of America by Toxic Chemicals. Pantheon Books, 1979. Copyright © 1979, 1980 by Michael H. Brown. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Pantheon Books, a division of Random House, Inc. and William Morris Agency.—Bryant, Paul W., and John Underwood. From Bear: The Hard Life and Good Times of Alabama's Coach Bryant. A Sports Illustrated Book, Little, Brown and Company, 1974. Copyright © 1974 by Paul W. Bryant Estate and John Underwood. All rights reserved.—Carter, Jimmy. From Why Not the Best? Bantam Book, 1975. Copyright © 1975 by Broadman Press. All rights reserved.—Chicago, Judy. From The Dinner Party: A Symbol of Our Heritage. Anchor/Doubleday, 1979. © 2003 Judy Chicago/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of the author.—Crouse, Timothy. From The Boys on the Bus. Random House, 1972. Copyright © 1972, 1973 by Timothy Crouse. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Random House, Inc.—Doctorow, E.L. From Ragtime. Random House, 1974. Copyright © 1974, 1975 by E.L. Doctorow. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Random House, Inc.—Elbow, Peter. From Writing Without Teachers. Oxford University Press, 1973. Copyright © 1973 by Oxford University Press, Inc. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Oxford University Press. Inc.—Eldredge, Niles, and Stephen Jay Gould. From Models In Paleobiology. Edited by Thomas J. M. Schopf. Freeman, Cooper & Company, 1972. Copyright © 1972 by Freeman, Cooper & Company. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission J. William Schopf on behalf of the editor Thomas J. M. Schopf.—Fixx, James F. From The Complete Book of Running. Random House, 1977. Copyright © 1977 by James F. Fixx. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Random House, Inc.—Freire, Paulo. From Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Translated by Myra Bergman Ramos. Continuum, 1992. Copyright © 1970, 1993 by Paulo Freire. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—From Communication with Extraterrestrial Intelligence (CETI). Edited by Carl Sagan. MIT Press, 1973. Copyright © 1973 by The Massachusetts Institute of Technology. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.—From Scientific Creationism. Edited by Henry M. Morris. CLP Publishers, 1974. Copyright © 1974 by CLP Publishers. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Glass, Philip, and Robert Wilson. In Einstein on the Beach. Dunvagen Music Publishers, Inc., 1976. Copyright © 1976 by Dunvagen Music Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Greeley, Andrew M. From The American Catholic: A Social Portrait. Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, 1977. Copyright © 1977 by Andrew M. Greeley. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Harris, Thomas A. From I'm OK—You're OK: A Practical Guide to Transactional Analysis. Harper & Row, Publishers, 1967. Copyright © 1967, 1968, 1969 by Thomas A. Harris. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of HarperCollins Publishers.—Hayes, Denis. From Energy: The Solar Prospect. Worldwatch Paper 11, 1977. Copyright © 1977 by Worldwatch Institute. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Hitti, Philip K. From Islam: A Way of Life. University of Minnesota Press, 1970. Copyright © 1970 by the University of Minnesota. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Jackson, Reggie, with Mike Lupica. From Reggie: The Autobiography. Villard Books, 1984. Copyright © 1984 by Reggie Jackson and Mike Lupica. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Random House, Inc.—Jarvis, Howard, with Robert Pack. From I'm Mad as Hell: The Exclusive Story of the Tax Revolt and Its Leader. Times Books, 1979. Copyright © 1979 by Howard Jarvis. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Times Books, a division of Random House, Inc.—Johnson, Earvin "Magic," with William Novak. From My Life. Random House, 1992. Copyright © 1992 by June Bug Enterprises. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Random House, Inc.—Jong, Erica. From Fear of Flying: A Novel. New American Library, 1973. Copyright © 1973, 2001 by Erica Mann Jong. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Henry Holt and Company, LLC.—Kemp, Jack. From "A Republican Revolution," in An American Renaissance: A Strategy for the 1980s. Harper & Row, Publishers, 1979. Copyright © 1979 by Jack F. Kemp. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Harper-Collins Publishers.—King, Billie Jean, with Kim Chapin. From Billie Jean. Harper & Row, Publishers, 1974. Copyright © 1974 by Billie Jean King. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of HarperCollins Publishers.—King, Stephen. From Carrie. Pocket Books, 1999. Copyright © 1974 by Stephen King. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Pocket Books, an imprint of Simon & Schuster Macmillan. Reproduced in the U.K. by Hodder and Stoughton Limited.—Kübler-Ross, Elisabeth. From Death: The Final Stage of Growth. A Spectrum Book, 1975. Copyright © 1975 by Elisabeth Kübler-Ross. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Ken Ross on behalf of the author.—Kunstler, William M. with Sheila Isenberg. From My Life as a Radical Lawyer. Birch Lane Press, 1994. Copyright © 1994 by William M., Kunstler and Sheila Isenberg. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of the author.—Layton, Deborah. From Seductive Poison: A Jonestown Survivor's Story of Life and Death in the Peoples Temple. Anchor Books, 1998. Copyright © 1998 by Deborah Layton. All rights reserved. Reproduced in the U.S. by permission of Doubleday, a division of Random House, Inc. Reproduced in the U.K. by permission of Sandra Kijkstra Literary Agency.—LeBoutillier, John. From Harvard Hates America: The Odyssey of a Born-Again American. Gateway Editions, Ltd., 1978. Copyright © 1978 by John LeBoutillier. All rights reserved. Reproduced by special permission of Regnery Publishing Inc., Washington, DC.—Lorde, Audre. From The Black Unicorn. W.W. Norton & Company Inc., 1978. Copyright © 1978 by Audre Lorde. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Loud, Pat, with Nora Johnson. From Pat Loud: A Woman's Story. Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, Inc., 1974. Copyright © 1974 by Pat Loud and Nora Johnson. All rights reserved. Reproduced in the U.S. by permission of Penguin Books, Ltd. Reproduced in the U.K. by permission of Sterling Lord Literistic, Inc.—Lyman, Stanley David. From Wounded Knee 1973. Edited by Floyd A. O'Neil, June K. Lyman, and Susan McKay. University of Nebraska Press, 1991. Copyright © 1991 by the University of Nebraska Press. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—McCorvey, Norma, with Andy Meisler. From I Am Roe: My Life, "Roe v. Wade," and Freedom of Choice. Harper-Collins Publishers, 1994. Copyright © 1994 by Norma McCorvey. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of the HaperCollins Publishers.—McKay, Jim. From My Wide World. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1973. Copyright © 1973 by James K. McManus. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., an imprint of Simon & Schuster Macmillan.—Morrison, Toni. From The Bluest Eye. A Plume Book, 1994. Copyright © 1970 by Toni Morrison. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of International Creative Management, Inc.—Neusner, Jacob. From American Judaism: Adventure in Modernity. Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1972. Copyright © 1972 by Prentice-Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Prentice-Hall/A Division of Simon & Schuster, Upper Saddle River, NJ.—Orr, Bobby, with Mark Mulvoy. From Bobby Orr: My Game. Little, Brown and Company, 1974. Copyright © 1974 by Bobby Orr Enterprises, Limited. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Pepe, Phil. From Talkin' Baseball: An Oral History of Baseball in the 1970's. Ballantine Books, 1995. Copyright © 1995, 1998 by Phil Pepe. Used by permission of Ballantine Books, a division of Random House, Inc.—Powell, John. From Fully Human, Fully Alive: A New Life through a New Vision. Tabor Publishing, 1976. Copyright © 1976 by Tabor Publishing, a division of DLM, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Rhinehart, Luke. From The Book of est. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1976. Copyright © 1976 by George Cockcroft. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of George Cockcroft.—Ringer, Robert J. From Looking Out For Number One. Funk & Wagnalls, 1977. Copyright © 1977 by Ribert J. Ringer. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of HarperCollins Publishers.—Russell, Andy. From A Steeler Odyssey. Sports Publishing, Inc., 1998. Copyright © 1998 by Sports Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Russell, Olive Ruth. From Freedom to Die: Moral and Legal Aspects of Euthanasia. Human Sciences Press, 1975. Copyright © 1975 by Human Sciences Press, a division of Behavioral Publications, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of the publisher and the author.—Sack, John. From Lieutenant Calley: His Own Story. The Viking Press, 1971. Copyright © 1970, 1971 by William L. Calley. All rights reserved.—Schuller, Robert H. From Turning Your Stress Into Strength. Harvest House, 1978. Copyright © 1978 by Harvest House. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Shorter, Frank, with Marc Bloom. From Olympic Gold: A Runner's Life and Times. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1984. Copyright © 1984 by Frank Shorter and Marc Bloom. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Georges Borchardt, Inc., Literary Agency.—Simon, William E. From A Time For Truth. Reader's Digest Press, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1978. Copyright © 1978 by William E. Simon. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Smith, Red. From The Red Smith Reader. Edited by Dave Anderson. Vintage Books, 1983. Copyright © 1969 by Publishers-Hall Syndicate. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Random House, Inc.—Soundheim, Stephen. From Company: A Musical Comedy. Hal Leonard Publishing Corporation. Copyright © 1970 Range Road Music, Inc., Quartet Music, Inc., and Rilting Music, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Random House, Inc.—Stern, Robert A.M. From Philip Johnson Writings. Oxford University Press, 1979. Copyright © 1979 by Oxford University Press, Inc. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Oxford University Press, Inc.—Train, Russell E. From Prescription For a Planet: The Ninth Bronfman Lecture. American Public Health Association, 1969. Copyright © 1970 by the American Public Health Association. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Trelease, Jim. From The Read Aloud Handbook. Penguin Books, 1985. Copyright © 1979, 1982, 1985 by Jim Trelease. All rights reserved. Reproduced in the U.S. by permission of Viking Penguin, a division of Penguin Group Inc. Reproduced in the U.K. by permission of Sagalyn Literary Agency.—Venturi, Robert Denise Scott Brown, and Steven Izenour. From Learning from Las Vegas. MIT Press, 1972. Copyright © 1977, 1972 by The Massachusetts Institute of Technology. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.—Williams, Dick, and Bill Plaschke. From No More Mr. Nice Guy: A Life of Hardball. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers, 1990. Copyright © 1990 by Dick Williams and Bill Plaschke. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission Harcourt.—Wilson, Edward O. From Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000. Copyright © 1975, 2000 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Woodward, Bob, and Carl Bernstein. From All the President's Men. Simon and Schuster, 1974. Copyright © 1974 by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Simon & Schuster Macmillan.—Zimmerman, Bill. From Airlift to Wounded Knee. Swallow Press Inc., 1976. Copyright © 1976 by Bill Zimmerman. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of the author.

Copyrighted material in American Decades Primary Sources, 1970–1979, was reproduced from the following websites: "AAAS Resolution: Creationism and California Public Schools." Online at: http://archives.aaas.org/docs/resolutions.php?doc_id=293. (October 22, 1972). Copyright 1972 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Reproduced by permission.—Borlaug, Norman E. "The Green Revolution, Peace, and Humanity." Online at: http://www.nobel.se/peace/laureates/1970/borlaug-lecture.ht... . (December 11, 1970). Published by Nobel e-Museum. © The Nobel Foundation 1970. Reproduced by permission.—From "Brothers and Sisters to Us: US Catholic Bishops Pastoral Letter on Racism." Online at: . (September 26, 2002). © 1979 United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Inc., Washington, D.C. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.—Fuller, Buckminster, "Session 4 of 'Everything I Know.'" Online at: www.bfi.org. Published by Buckminster Fuller, 1975. Reproduced by permission.—"It Is One of the Most Recognized Symbols in the World—The Swoosh. Simple. Fluid. Fast." Online at: . Published by Nike.com. Reprinted with permission.—Koushel, Art, "Art Koushel—Tape 6 & 7." Online at: . Published by Oral History Project, 1995. Reprinted with permission.—Mirman, Carol, "Carol Mirman, Oral History." Online at: . Oral History Project, 1995. Reprinted with permission.—"President Gerald R. Ford's Address at a Tulane University Convocation, April 23, 1975." Online at: http://www.ford.utexas.edu/library/speeches/750208.htm. Published by Gerald R. Ford Library and Museum. Reprinted with permission.—"Remarks on Departure From the White House. August 9, 1974." Online at: http://www.nixonfoundation.org/Research_Center/1974_pdf_fil... . Published by The Richard Nixon Library & Birthplace. Reprinted with permission.—Singer, Isaac Bashevis, "Isaac Bashevis Singer—Nobel Lecture: 8 December 1978." Online at: http://www.nobel.se/literature/laureates/1978/singer-lectur... . Published by Nobel e-Museum. © The Nobel Foundation 1978. Reproduced by permission.—"U.S. Supreme Court SWANN v. BOARD OF EDUCATION, 402 U.S. 1 (1971)." Online at: http://laws.findlaw.com/us/402/1.html. Published by FindLaw.com. This column was originally published on FindLaw.com. Reproduced by permission.—Williams, Diane, "Diane Williams—Tape 1:A." Online at: http://library.kent.edu/exhibits/4may95/dwilliam.htm. Published by Oral History Project, 1995. Reprinted with permission.