American Decades Primary Sources, 1920–1929
Jason M. Everett, Rachel J. Kain, Pamela A. Dear, Andrew C. Claps, Thomas Carson, Kathleen Droste, Lynn U. Koch, Christy Justice, Michael D. Lesniak, Nancy Matuszak, John F. McCoy, Michael Reade, Rebecca Parks, Mark Mikula, Polly A. Rapp, Mark Springer
Civie A. Green, Beverly Jendrowski, Gwendolyn S. Tucker
Margaret Abendroth, Margaret A. Chamberlain, Lori Hines, Jacqueline Key, Mari Masalin-Cooper, William Sampson, Shalice Shah-Caldwell, Kim Smilay, Sheila Spencer, Ann Taylor
Lynne Maday, John Magee
Imaging and Multimedia
Randy Bassett, Dean Dauphinais, Leitha Etheridge-Sims, Mary K. Grimes, Lezlie Light, Daniel W. Newell, David G. Oblender, Christine O'Bryan, Kelly A. Quin, Luke A. Rademacher, Denay Wilding, Robyn V. Young
Composition and Electronic Prepress
© 2004 by Gale. Gale is an imprint of The Gale Group, Inc., a division of Thomson Learning, Inc.
Gale and Design™ and Thomson Learning™ are trademarks used herein under license.
For more information, contactThe Gale Group, Inc.
27500 Drake Rd.
Farmington Hills, MI 48331-3535
Or you can visit our Internet site at
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
No part of this work covered by the copyright hereon may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means—;graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping, Web distribution, or information storage retrieval systems—; without the written permission of the publisher.
For permission to use material from this product, submit your request via Web at , or you may download our Permissions Request form and submit your request by fax or mail to:
Permissions DepartmentThe Gale Group, Inc.
27500 Drake Rd.
Farmington Hills, MI 48331-3535
248-699-8006 or 800-877-4253, ext. 8006
Fax: 248-699-8074 or 800-762-4058
Cover photographs reproduced by permission of AP/Wide World Photos (Al Capone, left), Bettmann/Corbis (Schlesinger & Mayer/Carson, Pirie, Scott department store, designed by Louis Sullivan, background), The Library of Congress (Charles Lindbergh, right; floor of the New York Stock Exchange, center); Underwood & Underwood/Corbis (Flappers dancing the Charleston, spine).
Since this page cannot legibly accommodate all copyright notices, the acknowledgments constitute an extension of the copyright notice.
While every effort has been made to ensure the reliability of the information presented in this publication, The Gale Group, Inc. does not guarantee the accuracy of the data contained herein. The Gale Group, Inc. accepts no payment for listing; and inclusion in the publication of any organization, agency, institution, publication, service, or individual does not imply endorsement of the editors or publisher. Errors brought to the attention of the publisher and verified to the satisfaction of the publisher will be corrected in future editions.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA
American decades primary sources / edited by Cynthia Rose.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents:  1900-1909 —;  1910-1919 —;  1920-1929 —;  1930-1939 —;  1940-1949 —;  1950-1959 —;  1960-1969 —;  1970-1979 —;  1980-1989 —;  1990-1999.
ISBN 0-7876-6587-8 (set : hardcover : alk. paper) —; ISBN 0-7876-6588-6 (v. 1 : hardcover : alk. paper) —; ISBN 0-7876-6589-4 (v. 2 : hardcover : alk. paper) —; ISBN 0-7876-6590-8 (v. 3 : hardcover : alk. paper) —; ISBN 0-7876-6591-6 (v. 4 : hardcover : alk. paper) —; ISBN 0-7876-6592-4 (v. 5 : hardcover : alk. paper) —; ISBN 0-7876-6593-2 (v. 6 : hardcover : alk. paper) —; ISBN 0-7876-6594-0 (v. 7 : hardcover : alk. paper) —; ISBN 0-7876-6595-9 (v. 8 : hardcover : alk. paper) —; ISBN 0-7876-6596-7 (v. 9 : hardcover : alk. paper) —; ISBN 0-7876-6597-5 (v. 10 : hardcover : alk. paper)
1. United States—;Civilization—;20th century—;Sources. I. Rose, Cynthia.
Printed in the United States of America
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Following is a list of the copyright holders who have granted us permission to reproduce material in this volume of American Decades Primary Sources. Every effort has been made to trace copyright, but if omissions have been made, please let us know.
Copyrighted material in American Decades Primary Sources, 1920–1929, was reproduced from the following periodicals: Harpers Magazine, v. 158, May 1929. —;The New York Times, February 15, 1929. Copyright © 1929 by The New York Times Co. Reproduced by permission. —;Nobel Lecture, May 23, 1924. © The Nobel Foundation 1923. Reproduced by permission. —;Nobel Lecture, December 12, 1927. © The Nobel Foundation 1927. Reproduced by permission. —;Smith, Bessie. From "Jail House Blues." Copyright © 1931 by Bessie Smith, renewed, 1974 by Frank Music Corp. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission.
Copyrighted material in American Decades Primary Sources, 1920–1929, was reproduced from the following books: Bourke-White, Margaret. From "Skyscrapers and Advertising," in Portrait of Myself. Simon and Schuster, 1963. Copyright © 1963 by Margaret Bourke-White. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission. —;Brooks, Louise. From "Pabst and Lulu," in Lulu in Hollywood. Alfred A. Knopf, 1982. Copyright © 1974, 1982 by Louise Brooks. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Alfred A. Knopf, a division of Random House, Inc. and Penguin Books Ltd. —;Busch, Noel F. From "Time: The Weekly News-Magazine," in Briton Hadden: A Biography of the Co-Founder of TIME. Farrar, Straus and Company, 1949. Copyright © 1949 by Noel F. Busch. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Farrar, Straus and Giroux, LLC. —;Covello, Leonard. From The Heart is the Teacher. McGraw Hill, 1958. Copyright © 1958 by McGraw Hill. All rights reserved. —;Dawson, James P. From "Boxing," in Sport's Golden Age: A Close-Up of the Fabulous Twenties. Edited by Allison Danzig and Peter Brandwein. Harper & Brothers, 1948. Copyright 1948 by Harper & Brothers, renewed © 1976 by Allison Danzig. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of HarperCollins Publishers Inc. —;Fosdick, Harry Emerson. From "The Fundamentalist Controversy," in The Living of These Days: An Autobiography. Harper & Row Publishers, 1956. Copyright © 1956 by Harper & Row Publishers, Incorporated, renewed 1984 by Dorothy Fosdick and Elinor F. Downs. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of HarperCollins Publishers Inc. —;Marks, Robert W. From The Dymaxion World of Buckminster Fuller. Reinhold Publishing Corporation, 1960. Design and illustrations by R. Buckminster Fuller. Courtesy, The Estate of R. Buckminster Fuller. Reproduced by permission. —;From "Al Smith's Presidential Campaign," in Documents of American Catholic History. The Bruce Publishing Company, 1962. Copyright © 1962 by John Tracy Ellis. All rights reserved. —;From "Cecil Mack (1884–1944)," in Reading Lyrics. Edited by Robert Gottlieb and Robert Kimball. Pantheon Books, 2000. Copyright © 2000 by Robert Gottlieb and Robert Kimball. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Pantheon Books, a division of Random House, Inc. —;From "J. Edgar Hoover to Lewis J. Baley," in The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers, Volume III, September 1920–August 1921. Edited by Robert A. Hill, Emory J. Tolbert, Deborah Forczek. University of California Press, 1984. Copyright © 1984 by The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission. —;From "Mencken Likens Trial to a Religious Orgy, with Defendant a Beelzebub," in The Impossible H.L. Mencken: A Selection of His Best Newspaper Stories. Doubleday, 1991. Copyright © 1991 by Marion Elizabeth Rodgers and the Enoch Pratt Free Library as Trustees for the Estate of H.L. Mencken. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission. —;From Preface to the First Edition in The Book of American Negro Poetry. Edited by James Weldon Johnson. Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc., Copyright © 1922, 1931 by Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc. Copyright © 1950 by Grace Johnson © 1959 by Mrs. Grace Nail Johnson. All rights reserved. —;From "Report by Special Agent P-138," in The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers, Volume II, 27 August 1919–31 August 1920. Edited by Robert A. Hill, Emory J. Tolbert, Deborah Forczek. University of California Press, 1983. Copyright © 1983 by The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission. —;From "The Unusual Girl and the Group," in Handbook For Guardians of Camp Fire Girls. Camp Fire Girls, Inc., 1924–1930. Copyright © 1924–1930 by Camp Fire Girls, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission. —; Goddard, Robert H. From "1925–1930: Liquid-propellant Rockets Fly," in The Papers of Robert H. Goddard: Including the Reports to the Smithsonian Institution and The Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Foundation: Volume II: 1925–1937. Edited by Esther C. Goddard and G. Edward Pendray. McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1970. Copyright © 1970 by Mrs. Esther C. Goddard. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission. —;Graham, Martha. From Blood Memory. Doubleday, 1991. Copyright © 1991 by Martha Graham. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Doubleday, a division of Random House, Inc. —;Grimsley, Will. From "Bobby Jones's Record," and "The Biggest Year," in Golf: Its History, People and Events. Prentice-Hall, 1996. Copyright © 1996 by Prentice-Hall. All rights reserved. —;Halas, George with Gwen Morgan and Arthur Veysey. In Halas by Halas: The Autobiography of George Halas. McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1979. Copyright © 1979 by George Halas. All rights reserved. —;Hall, Kermit L., William M. Wiecek, and Paul Finkelman. From "Total War, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights," in American Legal History: Cases and Materials, Second Edition. Oxford University Press, 1996. Copyright © 1991, 1996 by Oxford University Press, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Oxford University Press, Inc. —;Hammett, Dashiel. From Collected in Crime Stories & Other Writings. Library of America, 2001. © 2001 Library of America/Library Classics of the United States, Inc., New York, NY. Originally published as "From the Memoirs of a Private Detective: Dashiel Hammett's Real Life Cases," in Smart Set, v. 70, n. 3, March, 1923. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of Gelfman Schneider Literary Agents. —;Henderson, Edwin Bancroft. From "The Great Indoor Game, Basketball," in The Negro in Sports. The Associated Publishers, Inc., 1949. Copyright © 1939, 1949 by The Associated Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. —;McKay, Claude. From "If We Must Die," in The Book of American Negro Poetry. Edited by James Weldon Johnson. Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc. Copyright © 1922, 1931 by Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc. Copyright © 1950 by Grace Johnson, Copyright © 1958 by Mrs. Grace Nail Johnson. All rights reserved. —;Mead, Margaret. From Coming of Age in Samoa: A Psychological Study of Primitive Youth for Western Civilization. American Museum of Natural History, 1973. Copyright © 1928, 1949, 1955, 1961, 1973 by Margaret Mead. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission of HarperCollins Publishers Inc. —;Niebuhr, Reinhold. From Leaves from the Notebook of a Tamed Cynic. Harper & Row, Publishers. Copyright © 1929 by Reinhold Niebuhr. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission. —;O'Neill, Eugene. From "Dynamo: Act Three," in O'Neill: Complete Plays 1920–1931. The Library of America, 1988. Copyright © 1929, renewed 1957 by Eugene O'Neill. All rights reserved. Reproduced by permission. —;Parker, Dorothy. From "Far From Well," in Constant Reader. The Viking Press, 1970. "Far From Well" copyright 1928, renewed 1956 by Dorothy Parker; "The More It Snows" copyright 1928 by E.P. Dutton, © renewed 1956 by A. A. Milne, from The Portable Dorothy Parker, by Dorothy Parker. Edited by Brendan Gill. Reproduced by permission of Viking Penguin, a division of Penguin Group (USA) Inc. and Gerald Duck-worth & Co. Ltd. —;Shuster, George N. From "Tomorrow," in The Catholic Spirit in America. Reprint Edition by Arno Press, Inc., 1978. —;Tilden, William T., II. From "End of an Era," in My Story: A Champion's Memoirs. Hellman, Williams & Company, 1948. Copyright © 1948 by Hellman, Williams & Company. All rights reserved. —;Weissmuller, Johnny, in collaboration with Clarence A. Bush. From "Early Appearance in Competition," in Swimming The American Crawl. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1980. Copyright © 1980 by John Weissmuller. All rights reserved.