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Doctor Faustus has many features of a morality play: the conflict between good and evil, the creation of Good and Bad Angels, the Old Man as Good Counsel, the pageant of the Seven Deadly Sins and the appearance of Faustus’ enemies to ambush and kill him.
The conflict between Good and Evil was a recurring theme in the medieval morality plays. From this point of view, Marlowe’s play is a dramatization of the medieval morality play, Everyman. Doctor Faustus becomes a morality play in which heaven struggles for the soul of a Renaissance Everyman, namely Doctor Faustus.
The Good Angel and the Bad Angel are characters derived from the medieval morality plays. They are sometimes regarded as an externalization of the thoughts of Faustus. This is a twentieth-century view. The Angels are independent absolutes, one wholly good and one wholly evil. They appear in Doctor Faustus like allegorical figures of a morality play. They reflect the possibility of both damnation and redemption being open to Faustus. A close examination shows that the Evil Angel declines in importance as the play advances. The angles work by suggestion, as allegorical characters in morality plays do.
The audience also observes the pageant of the Seven Deadly Sins in Doctor Faustus. This is another feature borrowed by Marlowe from the tradition of the morality play. In Marlowe’s play, to divert Faustus’ attention from Christ, his savior, Lucifer, comes with his attendant devils to rebuke him for invoking Christ and then presents the pageant of the Seven Deadly Sins as a diversion.
Benvolio’s attempts to ambush and take revenge on Faustus is also a device taken from the medieval morality play. Faustus loses his head, only for it to be revealed as a false one. This theatrical device was originally used in the medieval morality play, Mankind. Similarly, Faustus’ attempt to strike Dick, Robin and the others dumb in the Vanholt show scene is also derived from the medieval morality play. Doctor Faustus has many features of the morality play of the Middle Ages.
Morality plays wasn't concerned with presenting a Biblical character or story, but the plot gave us some moral lesson. The Morality play dealt with the problem of good and evil.
Morality play developed out of Miracle and Mystery plays and it flourished during the middle ages, the morality was one of the early form of drama, and attained much popularity in the First half of the fifteenth century.
As a Morality play "Doctor Faustus" vindicates humility, faith and obedience to the law of God. The presence of good angel and bad angel in the play are the personification of God and Evil, which is another trait of Morality play, further "Doctor Faustus" teach us a great moral lesson through the miserable plight of the lead character in the play, the whimsical condition in which he puts himself, after choosing the path of evil, he was unable to step back.
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