Homework Help

In William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night, why does Olivia lie about the ring and why...

user profile pic

chorusgal | eNoter

Posted April 26, 2013 at 8:22 AM via web

dislike 2 like

In William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night, why does Olivia lie about the ring and why doesn't Viola tell Malvolio the truth?

1 Answer | Add Yours

user profile pic

tinicraw | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Educator

Posted April 26, 2013 at 3:04 PM (Answer #1)

dislike 1 like

The confusing scene between Malvolio and Viola happens after "Cesario" has just met with Olivia (II.ii). Olivia uses Malvolio as a pawn in a trick to get Cesario to come back and talk with her again another day. Viola does tell the truth that she did not leave a ring with Olivia, but Malvolio won't believe it because he assumes that Olivia would never lie. Also, as a servant, he is supposed to carry out his orders, so he leaves the ring on the ground for Cesario/Viola to do with as she sees fit under the circumstances. Viola realizes Olivia's game after Malvolio leaves:

"She loves me, sure; the cunning of her passion
Invites me in this churlish messenger"(II.ii21-22).

Olivia explains her purposes behind sending Malvolio with the ring to Cesario in the following passage: 

"Give me leave, beseech you. I did send,
After the last enchantment you did here,
A ring in chase of you: so did I abuse
Myself, my servant and, I fear me, you:
Under your hard construction must I sit,
To force that on you, in a shameful cunning,
Which you knew none of yours" (III.ii.109-115).

Olivia proves with this measure of cunning that she really does not want the Duke for a husband and that she has fallen for Cesario! Now, since Cesario has the ring that belongs to Olivia, he must return it to her--and that's exactly what she wants.

Sources:

Join to answer this question

Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.

Join eNotes