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Yes, it was because of the geography in a couple of different ways.
First, China had a lot of different places where agriculture could arise. It had many places with a decent climate and it had many domesticable crops and animals. This allowed it to develop civilization in a number of areas in what is now China.
Second, China did not have any great barriers within it and it had long east-west rivers. These things allowed for a great deal of diffusion of culture. They also allowed for competition between civilizations. This led to a stronger culture and also, eventually, to a big and centralized state.
Because it had the crops and animals to develop civilization and because it had a topography that allowed diffusion and competition, China became strong enough to dominate East Asia.
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