Why was the capture of Constantinople, in 1453, significant for both the Ottoman Turks and Europeans?
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The capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks in 1453 was significant for a number of reasons. First, the capture of the city made the Ottomans the most important power in southeastern Europe and the eastern Mediterranean and began a long period of expansion for the Empire. It also ended the Eastern Roman Empire. Next, many Greek scholars fled to Europe after the fall of the city, which helped fuel the birth of the Renaissance and helped bring to an end the Middle Ages. Finally, the capture of the city cut off an important trade route to the east. This forced Europeans to begin thinking about a sea route to China and the east, sparking new ideas in seafaring and navigation and helping to begin the Age of Exploration.
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