Why is Piggy so concerned about the conch?Why do you think Golding describes it here as so "fragile and white"? Lord of the Flies by William Golding

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mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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In Chapter Eleven of The Lord of the Flies after the fire has been stolen, comes the climax in the confrontation of Piggy and Ralph as representatives of civilization against Jack and his tribe.  Having had his glasses stolen, Piggy tells Ralph that he is going to Jack and the others with the conch and ask for his glasses back.  Ralph knows, too, that he must confront Jack and attempt to restore order.  He holds out the conch to Piggy, who takes it with pride.

Jack, knowing, too, "that this was a crisis," charges Ralph, who deals him a blow.  They face off, "unnerved by each other's ferocity."  Piggy yells that he has the conch, and against the booing of the boys, he lifts the "white, magic shell."  Then, Ralph tries to reason with the boys by asking them,

"Which is better, law and rescue, or hunting and breaking things up?"

But, Jack yells and Ralph can no longer be heard. 

By him stood Piggy still holding out the talisman, the fragile, shining beauty of the shell.

However, the talisman, the conch, holds power over the boys no more as total anarchy has taken hold.  The sadistic Roger, "with a sense of delirious abandonment," leans upon a level and sends a pink granite rock upon Piggy, sending him to his death.  Jack bounds suddenly, screaming wildly:  "There isn't a tribe for you any more!  The conch is gone."

The conch, a symbol of civilization and order, has been destroyed as Piggy, its blind worshipper and the voice of reason, is killed.  The fragile order that Ralph and Piggy have established has been destroyed.  Symbolic of the total anarchy, Roger advances upon the others "as one wielding a nameless authority."

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