Why is Herodotus considered the father of history?
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Herodotus is considered the father of history because he is the first person to write what we would consider a real history. In addition, he is the person who wrote the first recorded instance of the word "history."
Before Herodotus, stories about things that had happened tended to be mythical (like the Iliad) or tended to be just exaggerated stories meant to flatter kings by saying how wonderful they were. By contrast, Herodotus tried to write a history that was truer and more objective. He used his own observations and the testimony of others to write his histories.
Thus, he was the first that we know of to attempt an actual systematic analysis, based on facts, of past events.
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