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There are a few reasons why Victor Frankenstein chooses to create a monster.
First, we can say that Victor Frankenstein’s scientific mind led him to create life. More specifically, as he was studying the chemical decay of living beings, he gained knowledge of creation and life. He pushed this knowledge to it logical end.
Second, we can say that there was also an emotion component. After his mother died, he was motivated to cure the problem of death.
Finally, we can say that hubris got the best of Victor Frankenstein. He had a god complex. To put it another way, Frankenstein had a ruthless desire to obtain forbidden knowledge. This is confirmed when the monster calls himself, Adam, ("the Adam of your labors").
One of the most famous quotes in the book touches upon this theme:
"Did I request thee, Maker, from my clay
To mould me Man, did I solicit thee
From darkness to promote me?"
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