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Orwell includes such long quotes from Goldstein's The Theory and Practice of Oligarchic Collectivism because they confirm on a different level what Winston has always thought about the Party. For example, the constant war with a number of different adversaries, always understood by Winston to be on some level absurd, is exposed as exactly that by Goldstein:
To understand the nature of the present war — for in spite of the regrouping which occurs every few years, it is always the same war — one must realize in the first place that it is impossible for it to be decisive...Secondly, there is no longer, in a material sense, anything to fight about.
Orwell writes that the book "reassures" Winston by "saying what he would have said" had he been able to make sense of it all. But he falls asleep before finishing the reading, thus depriving himself of understanding "why" this form of society has gained traction. So the book is an important plot device in the story. But it is also a method by which Orwell makes his most important points about a number of social issues: atomic war, totalitarianism, individual liberties, and free thinking. Ingsoc and the other variants of totalitarianism as explained by Goldstein are based upon a similar logic as many developments Orwell saw taking place during his own time. Including extended excerpts from the book is essential for making this point.
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