Why does Macduff go to England?
I have a writing assignment for English.
-From Macduff's point of view (to Malcolm in England)
-Explaining who you are, and why you are writing/planning to visit Malcolm in England
-Explaining/describe the state of Scotland under Macbeth's rule
-What Macduff is asking Malcolm/what he needs
-including what kind of assistance Scotland needs in order to restore peace to England
-Reference details & examples from the play
-Cite the text of Macbeth
-One quote per paragraph (3 paragraphs)
-quotes cited correctly
ex: (I iv 13-14)
*I'm not asking you to write my essay for me! I just put the context of why I am asking this specific question because I would like help with any extra info that is pertinent, or other insight and opinions.
3 Answers | Add Yours
Macduff goes to England because his beloved Scotland is suffering. Everywhere he looks, people are being murdered and nature is rebelling against the leadership of the country. He has suspected all along that Macbeth is responsible for Duncan's death since he does not go to Macbeth's coronation, nor does he attend the banquet the Macbeths host for the nobles. Macduff goes to England to convince Malcolm to return to Scotland with help from English forces to dethrone the evil Macbeth and restore peace and safety once again to the citizens of Scotland.
Macduff indeed goes to England to gather the support of both the King of England and Malcolm (Duncan's son) in overthrowing Macbeth. So, that is his basic motivation as it relates to the story. As for the structure of the play, Macduff's departure to England is important for two reasons. First, with Macduff gone, his family is left vulnerable, thus Shakespeare has a perfect opportunity to show how truly despicable and cold-blooded Macbeth has become with the murder of Macduff's wife and children. There is a brief scene before their murder, in which Macduff's wife questions her husband's motivations for leaving them at such a dangerous time. This adds the audience's experience by giving them something else to consider when it comes to Macduff's true motives for leaving. Secondly, the meeting between Macduff and Macbeth allows the audience to see the truly noble motivations of Macduff and Malcolm. Malcolm's clever, yet untrue description of what kind of king he would be gives Macduff the opportunity to show the audience how much he truly wants what is best for Scotland. Both men realize that the other is truthful and noble in their intentions, which raises the level of suspense as the audience realizes that there is no way out for Macbeth; he has lost everyone and will lose everything soon enough.
Shakespeare has made Macduff the savior of Scotland by making him appear as God's appointed angel of justice to reinstate the rightful and chosen king of Scotland. Macduff, along with Malcolm, go to England to seek help from the historical King Edward the Confessor. Malcolm tests Macduff's loyalty before he embraces him as an ally. Once he is convinced of his loyalty, he explains that he will return to Scotland with ten thousand soldiers lent to him by the English king to defeat Macbeth.
Macbeth has brought only chaos to Scotland, symbolized in the bad weather and bizarre supernatural events, he offers no real justice, only a habit of murdering those he sees as a threat. As the embodiment of tyranny, he must be overcome by Malcolm so that Scotland can have a true king once more.
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