Homework Help

Why do companies attempt to merge?

user profile pic

snigirev | Student, Undergraduate | eNoter

Posted March 21, 2012 at 9:51 PM via web

dislike 1 like

Why do companies attempt to merge?

1 Answer | Add Yours

user profile pic

thanatassa | College Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

Posted March 21, 2012 at 10:00 PM (Answer #1)

dislike 1 like

There are many reasons behind mergers and acquisitions. Some are based on strategic business needs and some purely financial.

Some of the main reasons for mergers and acquisitions:

Vertical integration: Imagine you are a manufacturer and depend on company X for a unique and crucial part. You might acquire X to secure your supply chain. Or a mining company might buy a company that owns ore deposits.

Horizontal integration can be done to achieve economies of scale (i.e. when several car companies merge and develop cars on shared platforms), increase market share, or create complementary offerings (e.g. a clothing company buying an accessory company)

Sometimes companies with excess cash by other companies to increase their return on investment of the cash.

Join to answer this question

Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.

Join eNotes