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Why didn't the Protestant Reform affect Southern Europe?
So basically, I took the causes of the Renaissance and of the Reform, and compared them, and now I'm trying to draw conclusions as to why the Reform didn't affect the south.
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It is very difficult to know the reason for this with any certainty. However, a few plausible explanations have been given for the lack of a reformation in Italy.
- The Pope was in Rome and was Italian. This can be seen as a source of national pride for Italians who would therefore be loyal to the Church.
- The Catholic Church was a source of wealth in Italy where it was not in other countries.
- The Renaissance had made Italy prosperous and less likely to rebel.
- The Inquisition was more active in Italy (and Spain) than elsewhere.
I have issues with these explanations, but they are the best I have seen. Again, it is very difficult to know for sure why religious beliefs take hold in some places and not in others.
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