Why did the US fail to ratify the Treaty of Versailles?
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The main reason why the US Senate did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles was the League of Nations. There were serious concerns that the League would erode US sovereignty and pull the US into further wars that were not in its interest.
Many Americans were worried about the collective security provisions in the League of Nations charter. They felt that the US might be forced to go to war in order to protect other nations that were invaded. This could happen, they felt, regardless of whether those wars were important to US interests. For this reason, they felt that the League of Nations would reduce America’s ability to control its own foreign policy and would potentially involve the country in unnecessary wars.
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