Why did Rome and Carthage fight in the Punic Wars?
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Many wars start because countries or empires expand until the bump up against one another. At that point, they each see the other as a threat. This is what happened with Rome and Carthage.
Rome and Carthage were the two Mediterranean “superpowers” of their day. They each expanded within their own region. But since they were so close together (and since the Carthaginians were a naval power) they eventually came in contact with one another. When that happened, each side felt the other could be a danger to it.
This conflict, then, did not come about because of ideology or religion or any other set of ideas. Instead, it was simply about power. The two sides each wanted more power and each saw the other as a danger to its status as a major power.
Both Rome and Carthage saw each other as a threat, and therefore there was a conflict over power known as the Punic Wars
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