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Why did the rate of infant mortality drop so drastically in the twentieth century?
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Infant Mortality Rate or IMR can be defined as the number of infants that die under the age of one year out of a total of one thousand live childbirths. Dividing the total number of infant deaths by the total live births in a year, and then multiplying the resultant figure by one thousand can give us IMR of that particular year. Infants usually die due to birth defects (genetic or acquired), low birth weight, weak immunity, poor hygiene, inadequate health and medical facilities, etc. IMR is, in this way, a reflection of the medical and health support given by the state to its citizens. High infant mortality rates reflect the inefficiency of the state to provide adequate healthcare and medical facilities to its citizens. But in general, IMR is low in the developed countries and high in the developing and under-developed countries. We can say that the healthcare facilities have shown a drastic increase throughout the world in the twentieth century. This includes increase in number of hospitals, medical practitioners, nurses, etc. as well as introduction of superior-quality drugs and surgical tools in the market. There has also been an increased awareness regarding sex education, women health during and after childbirth, childcare, etc. We can say that the quality of life has shown improvement, albeit unequally, in different parts of the world. No matter which area of country you focus on, these things directly affect the infant and maternal mortality rates.
Posted by payalkhullar on March 7, 2014 at 5:10 PM (Answer #1)
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