Why did the Framers of the Constitution create a bicameral legislature?
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The Framers of the Constitution created a bicameral legislature as part of their efforts to create separation of powers and to, more generally, make it harder for the government to do anything.
The Framers were very concerned about the ability of the government to tyrannize the people. They worried that a government that could act easily would get caught up in popular passions and make decisions that would either be tyrannical or simply bad for the country. In order to make it less likely that the government would act so quickly and "badly" the Framers created a bicameral legislature. Such a legislature would make it harder for any law to pass because proposed laws would have to pass both houses, which would have different constituencies and terms of different lengths.
In short, then, the point of this was to make government less efficient and, therefore, less dangerous.
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