Why did the community give up on the ability to see color?
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The book tells us that the decision to move to climate control removed most colors. Thereafter the ultimate decision was made to minimize as many differences as possible genetically, thus, very little variation in eye, skin, and hair color.
"We relinquished color when we relinquished sunshine and did away with difference."
Sameness became the overriding requirement of the Community members. People like Fiona were considered technically "imperfect" because of the maintenance of the bright red hair which, while invisible to most Community members, directly opposed the guidelines of Sameness. It is certainly a comment--as are the pale eyes of Jonas, Gabe, and the Giver--regarding the inability of individualism to disappear completely, no matter the circumstances.
It allowed for too many choices which community leaders did not want to give to their people. If the people of their community had a choice in this, a choice in more risky topics may be given as well. Also, climate control took away color because you need sumlight to see light.
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