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Simon understands, when the others don't yet, that the real beast to be feared is inside of each of them. In chapter 5, when all the littluns fear beasts and Ralph holds a vote to determine whether or not there is a beast, Simon says, "...maybe it's only us." He is the group's mystic who intuits rather than uses logic or rules alone. Like Jesus, he understands what the group's problems are and what needs to be done to fix them. Like Jesus, he goes off by himself in the wilderness to contemplate. And like Jesus, he is sacrificed while trying to save others when he runs into the chanting group of boys to tell them that they need have no fear of a beast on the mountain because he's discovered, when others were afraid to venture forth and check, that the vision the others saw and feared, was just a dead parachutist.
Also at the end of Chapter 3 there is a significant connection between Simon and Jesus. The littluns are hungry, so he takes them into the forest.
"Then, amid the roar of bees in the afternoon sunlight, Simon found for them the fruit they could not reach, pulled off the choicest from up in the foliage, passed them back down to the endless, outstretched hands. When he had satisfied them he paused and looked around. The littluns watched him inscrutably over double handfuls of ripe fruit."
This is like Jesus' feeding of the thousands--right out of the Bible. He finds the best or "choicest" fruit and makes sure all of the children have what they need (or actually more than they need).
Simon is a Christ-figure for a few reasons. Probably the most important is that he is pure and innocent. He doesn't feel the desire to hunt, to kill, or to hurt. Another clue is that he is empathetic to the outcasts. For example, when he gives his share of meat to Piggy, whom most of the boys dislike. He also gets fruit off the trees for the littluns, who are not taken care of by anyone else. He also shows no fear. He wanders through the forest the dark, unafraid of the beastie. He sees the beauty of nature rather than having a desire to destroy it. He is the first of the boys to realize that the beast is within each of them. He is prophetic, telling Ralph that he will make it off the island. Like Jesus, he is tempted by Satan, as the Lord of the Flies tries to manipulate Simon, and the Lord of the Flies represents Satan.
how does simon die
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