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Who Were The Puritans?
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The Puritans were members of a religious movement that began in England in the 1500s and lasted into the first half of the 1600s, when it spread to the American colonies. The teachings of religious reformers John Wycliffe (c. 1330–1384) and John Calvin (1509–1564), had influenced the Puritans, whose name came from their desire to "purify" the Anglican Church (also known as the Church of England). The Puritans believed too much power rested with priests, bishops, and cardinals, the highest officials in the church. Stressing Bible reading and individual prayer, they wanted congregation (religious community) members to be more directly involved in church affairs; they also demanded that worship services be simplified. Puritans defied the authority of church leaders, contending that each congregation should manage its own affairs under the guidance of a council (called a presbytery) composed of members who were not church officials. The Puritans eventually fled persecution at home and went to America, where they established their religion and social beliefs in the New England colonies.
Further Information: Fire and Ice: Puritan History and Biography. [Online] Available http://www.puritan sermons.com/hist.htm, October 20, 2000; Heimert, Alan, and Andrew Delbanco, eds. The Puritans in America: A Narrative Anthology. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1990. "Puritans." New Catholic Encyclopedia. [Online] Available http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12581a.htm, October 20, 2000.
Posted by fact-finder on October 10, 2011 at 4:00 PM (Answer #1)
The Puritans were a group of Protestants who were important to the history of both England and the English colonies in America. The Puritans were followers of John Calvin, the Protestant leader. They were strongly opposed to the ritualistic nature of the Church of England (along with some of its doctrines), feeling that that church was still too much like the Roman Catholic Church from which the Protestants had split. Conflict between Anglicans and Puritans helped cause the English Civil War. In addition, it caused many Puritans to emigrate to the American colonies, where they created a Puritan society in New England.
Posted by pohnpei397 on August 26, 2012 at 6:14 PM (Answer #1)
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The Puritans were a group of protestants. They came to New England in family groups. They wanted to escape political repression, religious restrictions. Their leader was John Winthrop . The lived in small villages. The had immigrated to U.S for freedom.
Posted by Yojana_Thapa on January 25, 2014 at 9:31 PM (Answer #2)
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