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Although Sparta and Athens were allied at various times, they were the primary rivals during the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B. C.). Sparta emerged victorious with aid from most of the other Greek city-states, including Corinth and Elis; Sparta later gained the assistance of the Persians to defeat the Athenians. Previously, Athens and Sparta had joined forces to stop the second Persian invasion in the Greco-Persian Wars (499-449 B. C.), culminating in the Battle of Plataea (479 B. C.). The Spartans and Persians were joined by many of the other city-states, including Corinth and Megara.
They really didn't have any allies. The city-states always fought one another for supremacy. They were allies only to fight a common enemy. That was basically the only time they were allies.
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