What was Pax Romana, and what was its historical significance?
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Pax Romana was not a person, but a period of time for the Roman Empire that was known for its peace and non-militaristic activities. The term, Pax Romana is Latin for "Roman Peace," and it occurred for more than two centuries from about 27 B. C. to 180 A. D. First established by Emperor Caesar Augustus, the period of relative peace ended with the demise of Marcus Aurelius (180 A. D.); the assassination of his son, Commodus; and the rise to power of Septimius Severus. The term Pax Romana was first coined in The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776-1789) by Edward Gibbon. Augustus was able to initiate this period of peace by creating a coalition of his greatest military leaders, thus restricting the possibilities for civil war.
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