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The leadership of Germany during WWI included Kaiser Wilhelm II and the German Chancellor, Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg. Wilhelm became Kaiser in 1888 upon the death of Frederick III. In 1909 he appointed Bethmann-Hollweg Chancellor. Bethmann-Hollweg was a supporter of Wilhelm II, and was the real ruler as Wilhelm II’s behavior became erratic. As WWI began, Bethmann-Hollweg’s power and influence began to wane and the power of the German military grew. In July of 1917 Bethmann-Hollweg was force to resign and Germany became in reality a military dictatorship under the control of General Paul von Hindenburg and Colonel Erich Ludendorff.
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