Who Was Joan Of Arc?

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William Delaney | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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Joan of Arc was a very famous figure in French history. Many books have been written about her. I have taken the liberty of changing your topic to the book written by Winston Churchill. The e-Notes coverage on Churchill's book provides much information for your needs. Even Mark Twain wrote a historical novel about this courageous young French woman who became a military leader, a martyr, and finally a saint. There is a great deal of information about Joan of Arc accessible in e-Notes. Please refer to the links below.

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fact-finder | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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French teenager Joan of Arc (1412–1431) was a heroine of the Hundred Years' War. During the 1400s French and English troops were battling over French territory and the right to name the king of France. The long conflict, known as the Hundred Years' War, resulted in a series of wars, interspersed with periods of peace, that began in 1337 and ended in 1453. Joan maintained that she heard the voices of saints, who instructed her to offer her services to Charles VII (1403–1461), the uncrowned French king. She was to drive English forces from the city of Orleans (near Paris). Although Charles was skeptical, Joan convinced him of the legitimacy of her mission. He gave her a suit of white armor, which she wore as she went into battle at Orleans. After chasing the English from the city and engaging in other battles in the Loire Valley, Joan escorted Charles to Reims, where on July 17, 1429, he was crowned king of France. Although she lost later battles and was captured and burned at the stake by the English, Joan of Arc is a legendary figure. In 1920 the Roman Catholic Church declared her a saint (one officially recognized for holiness).

Further Information: Brill, Marlene Targ. Extraordinary Young People. New York: Children's Press, 1996; Goldman, Elizabeth. Believers: Spiritual Leaders of the World. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995; Halsall, Paul, ed. "The Trial of Joan of Arc." Internet Medieval Sourcebook. [Online] Available http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/1431joantrial.html, October 25, 2000; Nardo, Don. The Trial of Joan of Arc. San Diego: Lucent, 1997; Ross, Nancy W. Joan of Arc. New York: Random House, 1999; Stanley, Diane. Joan of Arc. New York: Morrow Junior Books, 1998.

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