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American aviator (pilot) Charles A. Lindbergh (1902–1974) was the first person to make a nonstop airplane flight across the Atlantic Ocean. Departing from New York City in his single-engine plane, The Spirit of St. Louis, he landed in Paris, France, on May 21, 1927. Lindbergh had covered 3,600 miles (about a third of it through sleet and snow) in 33 hours, 29 minutes. For this feat he won a $25,000 cash prize, was hailed as a hero, and earned the nickname the Lone Eagle. In spite of his fame, Lindbergh was a private person. He and his wife Anne Morrow Lindbergh (1906– ) lived quietly in New Jersey, until their only son was kidnapped and killed in what was called the "crime of the century." Although Bruno Hauptmann, an unemployed German immigrant (a person who permanently settles in a foreign country) was tried and executed for the murder, the Lindberghs continued to feel hounded by the press and moved to England. Throughout his life, Lindbergh worked on various aspects of aviation, and he and his wife wrote a number of books, separately and jointly. Lindbergh recounted his record-breaking transatlantic flight in the 1953 autobiography The Spirit of St. Louis, for which he won a Pulitzer Prize.
Further Information: Giblin, James Cross. Charles A. Lindbergh: A Human Hero. New York: Clarion, 1997; Lindbergh, Reeve. "The Flyer: Charles Lindbergh." Time. June 14, 1999, pp. 74+; Olson, Tod. "The Spirit of St. Louis." Scholastic Update. January 12, 1998, pp. 18–20.
Charles Lindbergh was not the first person to make a nonstop airplane flight across the Atlantic Ocean. The first ever nonstop flight was made in June 1919 by John Alcock and Arthur Brown. Alcock and Brown were British Aviators who flew a Vickers Vimy non-stop from St Johns in Newfoundland to Connemara in Ireland.
This was followed by a number of other aviators before Lindbergh's flight in 1927. Lindbergh's achievement was to be the first to fly solo non-stop across the Atlantic.
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