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Discontent with Ottoman rule simmered in Greece for many years, and there were many who argued for Greek independence, including Rigas Velastinis, who was eventually put to death by authorities for advocating armed revolution. The leader who is usually credited with beginning the Greek war for independence, however, is Alexander Ypsilantis, a prince who gathered a force to invade other Ottoman territories in the hopes of securing a massive Ottoman response, which he thought would provoke Russian intervention. His campaign was a disaster, and he was imprisoned for life by the Ottoman Turks, but his actions sparked uprisings throughout the Peloponnesus that became a full-scale war for independence. By 1828, a number of foreign powers, as well as foreign adventurers, had intervened in the conflict, and Greece gained independence from the Ottoman Empire.
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