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Rainsford is, by definition, the protagonist in this story. As the main character and conceptual "good guy," Rainsford fills the role of protagonist well. The antagonist, in contrast, would be General Zaroff, as he is considered to be the adversary or "bad guy" in the context of the short story.
One can typically identify a protagonist by examining the character's actions, description, and the tone the author uses when writing about him/her. If the above criteria all point toward a character being the main, positive focus of the story, chances are, that character is your protagonist, just as Rainsford is.
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