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The name of the person who did this was Mohandas K. Gandhi. He is better known as Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi was a towering moral figure who fought against injustices in South Africa and in India. His effort eventually helped to lead to the independence of India. The salt march that you mention was conducted during the year 1930.
At this time in India, the British rulers enforced a monopoly on all production of salt. Gandhi saw this as a perfect example of how thoroughly the government subjugated its Indian subjects. Because of this, he felt that a protest on the issue of salt would be a fitting way to start a larger protest against the British rule in India.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
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