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Which sentence properly uses parallel structure?a. Biking, kayaking, and taking my dog...

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melissazamora7 | Student, Grade 11 | (Level 1) Honors

Posted August 16, 2012 at 5:51 PM via web

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Which sentence properly uses parallel structure?

a. Biking, kayaking, and taking my dog for a walk are all great exercise.

b. On Saturdays, you can find me mowing the lawn, napping and sipping lemonade on the deck.

c.Ethan is known for sneaking, lurking, and having a great big smile on his face.

d.To get ready, she always paints her nails, curls her hair, and does her makeup.

2 Answers | Add Yours

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wordprof | College Teacher | (Level 3) Senior Educator

Posted August 16, 2012 at 6:19 PM (Answer #1)

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Parallel structure usually refers to clauses, but here the closest is D, which contains parallel predicates, or verb phrases. A. is simply multiple subjects (here, gerunds--nouns ending in -ing, naming actions). B. is multiple verbs. C. is multiple gerunds in the object slot. Parallel constructions of any kind denote structural patterns in the thinking process that produced the utterance. Just like repeated patterns in songs, or designs, or organizations, they infer an order, a unity in the world, different from uniqueness.  

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greckah | High School Teacher | (Level 1) eNoter

Posted August 20, 2012 at 1:39 PM (Answer #2)

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D. for parallelism means having words, phrases, or clauses analogous to each other. In A, the third is a gerund phrase. In B, the second is a gerund. And, in C, the third is also a phrase, which i think is not even analogous to the first two. So, option D properly used parallelism. :)

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