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Which of the following graphs shows a function that has an inverse? (see the image for...

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meghanani | Student | eNotes Newbie

Posted August 8, 2013 at 6:11 PM via web

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Which of the following graphs shows a function that has an inverse?

(see the image for graphs)

a. none

b. I only

c. II only

d. I and II

e. I, II, and III

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2 Answers | Add Yours

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mathsworkmusic | (Level 3) Associate Educator

Posted August 22, 2013 at 5:02 PM (Answer #2)

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A function is a one-one relationship between two variables `x` and `y` ie each value of `x` is mapped to one value of `y` only.

Two values of `x` may map to the same value of `y` and the relation is still a function. However, if` ` a value of `x` maps to more than one value of `y` the relation is not a function (it is a one-many relationship).

Only functions where each and every value of `y` corresponds to only one value of `x` have inverses. The function `x -> y` can only have an inverse if `y -> x` is also a function (is one-one).

So, let's look at each graph in turn

I) Each value of `x` corresponds to one value of `y` and vice versa. We can see this is true because the graph is increasing with `x`. The relation is a function and the function has an inverse function. The inverse function is the reflection of the function in the line y = x. Try doing this and you will see that the inverse function takes the shape of an S-curve.

II) This is a parabola. Each value of `x` corresponds to one value of `y` so the relation is a function. However, more than one value of `x` maps to the same value of `y` as the graph is symmetric about its vertex. Therefore `y->x` is one-many and hence is not a function. Reflecting the graph in the line y = x would result in a graph much like III) which is not a function.

III) This is a parabola reflected in the line y = x and is a one-many relation and so not a function. Some values of `x` correspond to more than one value of `y`.

Answer is b) Only graph I has an inverse

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kymbraleeb | eNotes Newbie

Posted August 20, 2013 at 9:54 PM (Answer #1)

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The answer is B

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