“Which factors were important in explaining the Industrial Revolution of England? Explain the significance of your choices.”
what were the causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution of England? consider the following causes:
economic, social, political, natural resources, and scientific
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The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain because there were many new invention's. There were improvements in agriculture, new forms of technology made, there was a good labour supply, transportation was majorly improved, Britain was getting a good supply of raw material, there was a pro business government, and their were capitals with money to invest in new factories.
The revolution began in England because the country had the factors of industrialization, which are land, labor, and capital:)
The Industrial Revolution began in Britan due to the sudden population growth.
Because Britain's population was very high at the time.
Firstly, at the time period, agriculture in Britain was more commercialized than in any other place. British agriculture had been transformed by new techniques, new crops, and new patterns of property holding. This commercialized agriculture was more productive and thus produced more food for the growing population.
Secondly, there was a growing supply of available capital in Britain. London had become one of the most significant centers for international trade as well as headquarters for the transfer of raw material, capital, and manufactured products throughout the world.
There were also some social and cultural causes too. In Britain, the pursuit of wealth was seen as a worthy goal. The aristocratic scramble to enclose land represented a keen interest in investment.
Another important thing to note is that, unlike the rest of Europe, Britain did not have a system of internal tolls and tariffs, so goods could be moved freely to wherever the best market was.
4 main reasons:
1. Resources: Large supply of coal to power steam engines and plenty of iron to build machinery
2. New Technology: Plenty of skilled mechanics were able to produce practical inventions that paved the way for industrialization
3. Economic Conditions: Oversea colonies and their vast empire allowed them to accumulate the capital necessary
4. Political and Social Conditions: Stable government that supported economic growth and strong navy to protect its empire. Also, religious attitudes praised thriftiness and hard work. Many also focused on the worldly issues, the here and now, rather than the afterlife
A number of factors contributed to Britain's role as the birthplace of the European Industrial Revolution:
- Large deposits of iron and coal near the surface provided the raw materials which would enhance industrial development.
- The British Empire and its mercantilist economic system provided valuable sources of raw materials such as cotton, and markets for manufactured goods from Britain.
- A plethora of navigable waters and streams in Britain, so many that one was never more than 20 miles from navigable water, made transportation of raw materials and manufactured goods efficient and inexpensive.
- The Agricultural Revolution in Britain had led to enhanced production of foodstuffs which substantially reduced the price of food. The reduction of food prices consequently provided an increase in disposable income which could be used for manufactured items.
- Britain had no internal tariffs as existed in other parts of Europe. This enhanced the efficient movement of raw materials and manufactured products.
- Britain had a stable government and established banking system. This stability lent itself to industrial development as market enterprise and entrepreneurship were encouraged.
- Britain was further blessed with a large and mobile work force. In other parts of Europe, peasants were still bound to the land. In Britain, after farm lands were enclosed there were more workers available than were needed for agricultural production, and industry was an attractive source of working income.
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