Which European countries had colonies in Africa in 1914?
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The nations listed below each had colonies in Africa in 1914. The lists of colonies each nation controlled are not exhaustive, but rather intended to demonstrate what regions of Africa each nation had colonial interest in. In addition, the imperial relationship was different in each colony. In some cases European nations governed by puppet regimes, in others by direct rule. With these caveats in mind, the European nations with colonies in Africa were:
- Great Britain, whose colonies included South Africa, Kenya, Sierra Leone, and Egypt
- Belgium, which ruled the Congo region of Africa
- France, which controlled most of northwest Africa including Mali, Algeria, and Senegal as well as the island of Madagascar off the southeastern coast
- Germany, which ruled Cameroon, Namibia, and Togo
- Italy, which controlled Libya and modern Somalia
- Portugal, which controlled Angola and Mozambique
- Spain had the smallest territory, a tiny strip of land in Morocco.
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