Which economic system do you think is most effective: market, planned, or mixed?

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thetall's profile pic

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Economics is concerned with the production and distribution of products and resources. It answers the question of what to produce, how to produce and how to distribute the products. There exist a variety of economic systems but their difference lies in how they answer the economic questions.

A market economic system is a system where decisions about production and distribution are made by the market forces of demand and supply without government interference.

A planned economic system is a system that relies on a central institution such as the government to make major decisions about production and distribution.

A mixed economic system is a system that blends aspects of market and planned economic systems. The central institution provides controls for the economy but also leaves room for the market forces of demand and supply to influence the system.

In that case, a mixed economy would be preferable because the people get to benefit from the market forces of demand and supply but they are also protected by central unit controls on the same. It is important to understand that there are aspects of the economy that are too sensitive to be left under the control of market forces, such as a country’s infrastructure.

pohnpei397's profile pic

Posted on

This is, of course, a matter of opinion.  My own opinion is that a mixed economy is the best economic system.  Specifically, I would argue that the best economy is one that is based mainly on market principles but which has some amount of government involvement.

Market economies are, in general, a good thing.  Market economies allow consumers to have the greatest possible choice.  They allow consumers to have the best quality of products at the lowest prices.  All of these things happen “automatically” because businesses compete to make profits.  This is a good situation for consumers.  Market economies are also good because they allow people to have the greatest possible amount of economic freedom.

However, a pure market economy would not be so great.  For example, in a pure market economy, there would be no laws to protect workers from having to work long hours.  There would be no minimum wage laws.  There would be no consumer protection laws.  Without laws like these, there would be too much room for businesses to abuse workers and consumers.

Therefore, a market economy with some protections imposed by the government is, in my view, the best system.

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