Which communist leader did the United States try to overthrow in Cuba during the early 1960s?
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The name of the leader that you are asking about is Fidel Castro. He was the communist leader of Cuba from 1959 until he retired, turning over power to his brother Raul Castro, in 2011.
Fidel Castro was a rebel leader in Cuba beginning in the early 1950s. In 1953, he and a group of followers attacked an army barracks but were badly defeated. Castro fled to Mexico. In 1956, he returned and started another rebellion. This one was more successful. The rebellion was against Fulgencio Batista, who was an authoritarian dictator and widely hated in Cuba. The rebellion was successful, and Batista fled the country on New Year’s Day, 1959.
The US tried to overthrow Castro when it became clear that he was more inclined to make a deal with the Soviet communists than with the United States. The US did not like the idea of a communist country so close to its own shores. The most notable episode in which they tried to overthrow him was the invasion (by Cuban exiles backed by the US) at the Bay of Pigs in 1961.
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