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If you look at the satirical representation of Pap, who in theory should be the person who is most concerned with Huck's welfare as perhaps the person least concerned, you find one of the ways that Twain used satire to question some of the traditional values of both the time and of the culture of the time. Pap as the moronic father that fought against education and saw his son merely as a means to more money and easier access to alcohol helps to point out the flaws and suggest possible avenues of improvement for both negligent fathers but also society in general that had a difficult time meeting the needs of a child like Huck because they assumed he wasn't intelligent simply because of his background.
Twain also used satire in the comparison of Jim to many of the white characters. Jim was intelligent and moral when compared to the idiotic and completely immoral groups, in particular the feuding families, and it helps to suggest the idiocy of assuming certain things about whole groups of people that can't possibly be true or reliable assumptions.
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