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It seems that the speaker thinks that the raven has come to him from the land of the dead. We can see this in the places where he refers to the bird coming from "Night's Plutonian shore." This is referring to Pluto, god of the land of the dead.
However, it does not appear to me that he thinks the bird come from Hell, even though he seems to think it might be a devil. He says that both he and the raven adore God. That implies that the bird is not really evil.
This last part is confusing, though, because he also says the bird might be sent by "the tempter" -- Satan. So I think that overall, he is sure the bird is supernatural, but not sure if it is from God or the devil.
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