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Where does Hamlet take place?
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The vast majority of Hamlet takes place in the royal castle in the city of Elsinore in the country of Denmark. William Shakespeare's Hamlet seems to have been based on an old Danish myth, "Amleth," about a young prince who avenges his father's death when it turns out that his father had been murdered by his own brother. Shakespeare often set his plays in the past of other kingdoms for reasons of national allegiance. To comment on universal human issues, he set his stories in non-English countries and in times long before his. Hamlet's Denmark is an example of this. The setting of Denmark is also important because part of the plot involves an ensuing war with the Norwegian forces. Historically, Denmark and Norway were once one united political state. Although their political and economic spheres broke apart, they still remained very similar cultures. There were often clashes between the two countries. Shakespeare was very aware that his English audience would like to feel superior against the Danish people, and thus showing political turmoil in Denmark would have pleased England.
More specifically, the settings within and around the Elsinore Castle lend a lot to the themes and atmosphere of the play and its various scenes. The first scene opens up on a platform in front of the castle, where sentry guards are keeping watch. This dark, cold, and slightly creepy setting perfectly sets the scene for the ghost of King Hamlet I to appear. Then the scenes shift inside, to the royal room of state, a semi-public place for government officials to discuss politics, war, and other big issues. The next few scenes are also in other rooms of the palace, which are presumably very ornately decorated. Another important scene takes place in the bedroom of queen Gertrude, Hamlet's mother who has married his uncle very quickly after his father's murder. Hamlet is angry at her for this, and this private and intimate setting sets the scene for their very personal confrontation. After this, for a while, Hamlet is banished to England, but we never get to see him there. The scenes continue to be set in Elsinore, Denmark. There is even a brief scene on a plain in Denmark, where Fortinbras, the prince of Norway and a political enemy of Denmark, discusses marching on Elsinore and starting a war. When Hamlet returns to Elsinore, a very important scene in the Elsinore churchyard and cemetery happens. While he stands amongst grave stones and dead bodies, Hamlet thinks about death and morality. The eerie and sad setting matches these thoughts very well. The very last scene, in which the majority of the character deaths take place, is set in a castle hallway of Elsinore.
Posted by juliefeng on January 23, 2014 at 7:29 PM (Answer #2)
High School Teacher
The play's full title answers your question: Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. The action takes place inside the castle in Elsinore, Denmark. The name of the castle is not mentioned in the play, but it must be Kronberg Castle in Elsinore. Visit the links below for more information.
Posted by linda-allen on April 23, 2008 at 2:00 PM (Answer #1)
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