Where does Hamlet take place?
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The answer is Denmark.
One way to know where Hamlet takes place is to look at the full title of the play. It is The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. The action of the play takes place in and around the castle of the king of Denmark.
At some points in the play, the characters refer to action going on in other places that has a major impact on the play. For example, we know that Fortinbras, nephew of the king of Norway is gathering troops in that country to attack Denmark. However, no scene is actually set anywhere other than in Denmark.
The major setting of the play takes place in Denmark, though characters travel to England and other places. The time is the late medieval period. The atmosphere and mood is dark, violent, passionate, and extremely reflective. Hamlet is a Prince of Denmark, so his title should give you a clue. The mood and atmosphere takes a little unraveling of the plot.
All throughout the play, references are made to Denmark and the area around Denmark. Shakespeare was very thorough in allowing his plays to cover vast amounts of territory and provide a location that any member of the audience would be able to identify with.
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