Where does O'Brien think reality exists?



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During Winston's interrogation, O'Brien insists that there is no external, independent reality, that the only reality is inside one's own mind. This is part of a philosophical tradition called solipsism, which O'Brien refers to, but he takes it one very important step further.He explains that as the Party aims to completely control the minds of individuals, this effectively means that reality is wherever the Party decrees it to be.This is manipulation to an utterly frightening, and potentially limitless extent.The Party wants individuals not merely to accept what it says is real, or right, but to literally believe it. Winston puts up a struggle against this for a time, even during his interrogation and torture, but ultimately, he cannot prevail.


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