Why does Ichabod Crane need to be able to have all of his belongings in a small bundle?Washington Irving's "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow"

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Stephen Holliday | College Teacher | (Level 1) Distinguished Educator

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As part of Ichabod Crane's compensation for teaching the children in the Sleepy Hollow area, he gets his room and board, on a rotating basis, from the farmers whose children he is teaching.  Irving notes that "With these [that is, the farmers] he lived alternately a week at a time, this going the rounds of that neighborhood, with all his worldly effects tied up in a cotton handkerchief."  One of the reasons Crane has to alternate lodgings on a weekly basis is that his appetite is so huge that he is undoubtedly a burden on his host.

There are two reasons Irving includes the detail of Crane's belongings being carried in a handkerchief.  As an itinerant (someone who has to move a lot) schoolteacher, he cannot afford to have many belongings, and as a schoolteacher in rural areas, his salary would be so low that he could not afford to buy anything but necessities.  In addition, Irving is reminding us that Crane is a New England Yankee from Connecticut, notorious for not wanting to spend any money.  This is just a gentle dig at the literary stereotype of someone from New England.


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