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Nosebleeds may arise as a result of many situations from dry nasal membranes to high blood pressure. Seeking medical treatment is optional in most cases. However you should seek emergency care if the nosebleed does not stop after 20 minutes, occurs after a head injury (could be a skull fracture), or if your nose may be broken as would be indicated by an injury to the nose. You should also consider seeking medical attention if a child has repeated nosebleeds that do not seem to be associated with a cold, drier winter air, or some other minor problem.
Nose bleeds can occur spontaneously when the nasal membranes dry out and crack. This is more common in dry climates or during the winter months when the inside air is dry and warm from from household heaters. The incidence of nosebleeds is also higher during the winter months because of the presence of upper respiratory infections are more frequent and the large fluctuations between indoor and outdoor temperatures.
Nose can be a real problem both to the health of the sufferer and as an inconvenience to himself or others. Chronic nose bleeders often become anemic. The blood can run down the back of their throat and into their stomach causing severe vomiting. Clothing, bedding, carpets . . . they all can be ruined!
Several remedies have been tried, with mixed success. Pinching the nostrils shut, a piece of wadded tissue under the top lip, ice packs, lying down with the head above the level of the heart, cayenne pepper--all help.
Nosebleeds are fairly common, particularly in children, and can usually be easily treated at home. The medical name for a nosebleed is epistaxis. The inside of the nose is full of tiny blood vessels which can start bleeding if they are disturbed. This usually happens as the result of a minor injury that is caused by picking, or blowing, your nose. Nosebleeds can also occur if the mucous membrane (the moist lining) inside the nose dries out and becomes crusty. This can be the result of an infection, cold weather, or the drying effect of central heating.
Epistaxis is rarely serious, but occasionally can be life threatening, especially in older people. Occurs more frequently in people taking aspirin, anticoagulants (drugs that prevent blood clotting in the vessels) or in patients with hematologic diseases.
-apply an ice bag on patient's nose and cheeks, ice causing vasoconstriction and helping to stop bleeding.
-compression has be maintained for 10 minutes, being recommended to use a clock for timing the period, these 10 minutes also seeming more than that;
-grease inside the nasal passages with an emulsion, and do not blow your nose and do not use anything inside it for 12 hours after stop the bleeding.
-Daily consumption of coconut kernel on an empty stomach.
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