When Jane went shopping, IT OCCURRED TO HER THAT THERE ARE REALLY NO NEW STYLES. Is this sentence an Independent clause or phrase or dependent clause?grammar

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mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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As your question is somewhat ambiguous since the "sentence" is really everything that has been written, let's first address the part that you have written in capital letters:  "It occurred to her that there are really no new styles."  This part of the entire sentence written above is both an independent clause and a relative (dependent) clause.

Now, an independent clause is one that can stand as a complete thought or sentence by itself; that is, an independent clause contains a subject and a predicate that on their own make logical sense.  "It [subject] occurred [predicate] to her" makes sense on its own, (although the reader does need a little more information since the he/she does not know what "it" is).  Therefore, this is an independent clause. 

A relative clause is one that begins with a relative pronoun such as that, which, who, whom, or whose.  A relative clause is also called an adjective clause since it modifies a noun or a pronoun.  In this case "that there are no new styles" modifies the subject pronoun It.  This clause is a dependent clause because it cannot stand on its own and have meaning. Also, the first part of the sentence, "When Jane went shopping" is a dependent clause, an adverbial clause that modifies the verb occurred.

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