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The conflict between these two ideologies came about because they had opposing views of how the world should be organized and because they each felt the other was bent on dominating the world.
Capitalism and communism are based on diametrically opposed views of the world. Capitalism depends on personal freedom while communism depends on centralized government control. Communism argues that capitalism is inherently exploitative while capitalism believes communism denies people their human rights.
During the Cold War, each ideology felt the other was trying to dominate the world. Therefore, each ideology felt that its very existence was threatened. This was the cause of the conflict between the two.
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