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What is white revolution?please can you give me answer in detail like when it happen...

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richaojha | Student, Grade 9 | eNotes Newbie

Posted June 25, 2009 at 2:58 PM via web

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What is white revolution?

please can you give me answer in detail like when it happen for what reason did it happen.

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bababeta | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Adjunct Educator

Posted July 1, 2015 at 11:12 AM (Answer #5)

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The White Revolution was a far-reaching series of reforms in Iran launched in 1963 by Shah Mohammad  Reza Pahlavi. Mohammad Reza Shah’s reform program was built especially to strengthen those classes that supported the traditional system. The Shah advertised the White Revolution as a step towards westernization, but there is little doubt that he also had political motives; the White Revolution (a name attributed to the fact it was bloodless) was a way for him to legitimize the Pahlavi dynasty. Part of the reason for launching the White Revolution was that the Shah hoped to get rid of the landlords' influence and create a new base of support among the peasants and working class. The bulk of the program was aimed at Iran’s peasantry, a class the Shah hoped to gain as an ally to thwart the threat of the increasingly hostile middle class. Thus the White Revolution in Iran represented a new attempt to introduce reform from above and preserve traditional power patterns. Through land reform, the essence of the White Revolution, the Shah hoped to ally himself with the peasantry in the countryside, and hoped to sever their ties with the aristocracy in the city.

In order to legitimize the White Revolution, the Shah called for a national referendum in early 1963 in which 5,598,711 people voted for the reforms, and 4,115 voted against the reforms.

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brandih | eNotes Employee

Posted June 26, 2009 at 3:22 AM (Answer #1)

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Hi!  Are you referring to the White Revolution in Iran or India?

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krishna-agrawala | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted June 25, 2009 at 3:43 PM (Answer #3)

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I believe your question is about White Revolution of India. This white revolution relates to the rapid development in milk production that took place in India after mid 1960's. This name is a variation of the name "Green Revolution" used earlier to describe rapid development in agricultural production in India.

A name closely associated with White Revolution is that of Dr. Verghese Kurian. This is because the origins of White Revolution can be traced to the efforts of Dr. Kurien at Kaira District Co-operative Milk Producers Union Situated at Anand in Gujarat State. This organization is better known by the brand name of its product - Amul.

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thetall | (Level 2) Associate Educator

Posted June 29, 2015 at 8:24 AM (Answer #4)

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The Iranian White Revolution was a series of programs passed in a referendum proposed by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi after a period of administrative challenges in the country and a growing sense of repression among the people. The name White Revolution was derived from the fact that in the quest to institute these reforms, the process was not met by violence, and this made it a bloodless revolution towards westernization and legitimization of the administrative authority vested in the Shah. The revolution sought to shift power from landlords to the peasants, and politically, the move was seen to strengthen the Shah against the landlords and the middle class. He also endeared himself to the women by proposing their rights to vote. The revolution which passed overwhelmingly also proposed among other resolutions that;

  • Industrial or factory profits should be shared with the workers working there
  • Privatization of Government institutions to increase industrial efficiency
  • Improvement in the education system
  • Introduction of Social Security


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