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What were the underlying causes of the Cold War between the United States and the...

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rhonda521863 | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 3) eNoter

Posted April 9, 2012 at 11:29 AM via web

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What were the underlying causes of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union?

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dbello | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator

Posted April 11, 2012 at 3:03 AM (Answer #1)

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The causes of the Cold War were rooted in the failure of the Allies (U.S., Great Britain, U.S.S.R.) to reach common peace agreements with regard to Germany and Poland at the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences. The primary issues of the conferences involved the geographical borders of Poland and a free election process in Germany.    However, without a system of 'checks and balances' in place the conferences lacked the essential element for success-accountability. It became clear that Stalin had no intention of allowing free elections to take place in Germany. This led the U.S.S.R. to maximize its borders by expanding its sphere of influence creating buffer satellite nations. As a result,  the Cold War polarization between the U.S. and the Soviet Union lasted for almost 50 years.

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