What were the causes and effects of the Battle of Fallen Timbers?

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michael-niagara's profile pic

Michael Ugulini | (Level 3) Educator

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The Battle of Fallen Timbers involved a battle by the United States Army against natives in the Northwest Territory. President George Washington had appointed Anthony Wayne as the commander of the United States Army of the Northwest. In 1792, this army was serving in the Northwest Territory.

The principal objective of this army was to defend American settlers from attack by Native Americans. The Battle of Fallen Timbers was the last battle of the Northwest Indian War, which took place from 1785-1795.

In 1794, General Wayne defeated Shawnee Chief Blue Jacket's confederacy near today what we know as Toledo, Ohio. General Wayne’s army comprised 3,000 men.

The causes of this battle were George Washington’s desire to secure victory after earlier defeats of General Josiah Harmar and General Arthur St. Clair by Native Americans. The British were supporting the Indians as they fought battles with the Americans.

In 1785, in Ohio, a number of Native American tribes banded together. This coming together resulted in the formation of the Western Confederacy. This Confederacy determined that the Ohio River would be suitable as a border between their lands and the United States. The Western Confederacy commenced a string of raids south of the Ohio into Kentucky to discourage settlement. These raids occurred in the mid 1780’s.

Therefore, in essence, the cause of the Battle of Fallen Timbers was an effort to put an end to the attacks of the Confederacy (Blue Jacket, Little Turtle, Buckongahelas, as well as 1,500 men).

The effects of this battle were that the Western Confederacy was overthrown; the Confederacy did not receive help from the British as the British decided it needed to avoid a fight with the Americans, and General Wayne ordered the torching of all the villages and crops in the region.

Further effects of the Battle of Fallen Timbers include General Wayne losing 33 soldiers. In addition, 100 were wounded. The final outcome or effect of the Battle of Fallen Timbers is that it resulted in the creation of, and the signing of the Treaty of Greenville (1795). This Treaty terminated the fight. Furthermore it eliminated all Western Confederacy claims to Ohio and the neighboring lands.


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pohnpei397's profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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People sometimes say this was the last battle of the Revolutionary War.  Here's why:

This war happened largely because the British were still trying to help the Indians fight the Americans.  The Americans were trying to spread out into the Indians' lands.  The British hoped the Indians could help stop this.

After the Americans won the battle, the Indians had to give up large parts of their lands.  This allowed Americans to stream into areas like what is now Ohio.  The Indians were also beaten and were unable to resist the Americans for years to come.

mkoren's profile pic

mkoren | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Senior Educator

Posted on

The Battle of Fallen Timbers was an important event in early American history. When the Revolutionary War ended, the Treaty of Paris was signed. The British were supposed to leave their forts in the west. However, the British didn’t leave these forts.

The British worked with the Native Americans to attack the United States and its western settlements. The British didn’t want to lose the lucrative fur trade in the Ohio Valley. If the Native Americans were successful in their attacks on us, the British could stay in the western area and dominate the fur trade. the British, like other countries also did, tried to test us to see how we would respond if they pushed us around.

We fought the Native Americans at the Battle of Fallen Timbers near Toledo, Ohio in 1794. Anthony Wayne led our soldiers to victory, which resulted in the signing of the Treaty of Greenville. The Native Americans agreed to give up land and move west. Much of this land that they gave up was in the present state of Ohio and some of the surrounding states.

The Battle of Fallen Timbers was an important event in the development of our country in its early days of being independent.


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