What were the steps leading to the end of France's monarchy?
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The French monarchy came to an end in one sense in 1848, when Louis-Phillippe abdicated in the midst of the Revolution of 1848. This ended a line of kings (interrupted by the Revolutionary Republic and the Consulate and Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte) that theoretically went back to Merovingian times. On the other hand, Napoleon III, the nephew of Napoleon I, assumed the mantle of French Emperor in 1852, and would reign until 1870, when he abdicated in the wake of the disastrous Franco-Prussian War. So the steps that led to the end of the monarchy, stated very simply, would include the French Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, the Revolutions of 1830 and 1848, the Second Empire, and the Franco-Prussian War.
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