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What were some of the long term effects of the American Civil War?

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mike2398 | Student, Grade 9 | eNotes Newbie

Posted May 4, 2012 at 9:07 PM via web

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What were some of the long term effects of the American Civil War?

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted May 4, 2012 at 9:17 PM (Answer #1)

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Two of the most important long-term effects of the Civil War were a boom in industrialization and the eventual creation of a more democratic and just America.

The Civil War, of course, ended slavery in the United States.  It did not immediately bring equality to African Americans.  However, by ending slavery, it made eventual racial equality (to the extent that we now have it) possible.  It also broke up the old aristocratic system in the South and made that region more democratic in the long term.

The Civil War helped the country experience an economic boom.  With the Southern states out of Congress, laws were passed during the Civil War that allowed for the building of the transcontinental railroad, for the homesteading of the Great Plains, and for the creation of land grant colleges.  All of these things helped to boost the economy of the United States, helping to make it into the world-class industrial power that it was within 50 years of the beginning of the war.

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