What were some goals of Martin Luther?
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Martin Luther challenged the reliability of reason in divinity matters. He explained that reason cannot lead people to God but they can learn through divine revelations. Martin Luther objected to the practice by the Roman Catholic where it was a requirement for people to engage in charity and good works especially those that see the people give to the church. His disputes are captured in what is known as The Ninety-Five Theses (which saw him excommunicated and made an outlaw). He sought to understand why the Pope of the time had amassed so much wealth and did not use these funds to build the church at St. Peter; he raised this among other disputes. One of his objectives was to enlighten Christians to the fact that forgiveness can only be given by God and one cannot pay a man for forgiveness of their sins. Apart from this, he was also against vows, especially those taken by monks and nuns for purposes of divine forgiveness and compulsory confession sought by the Pope.
I believe that the question is asking about Martin Luther, the German reformer of the sixteenth century. The American civil rights leader is named after him - Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther did not know what would happen when he put his 95 theses on the castle door of Wittenberg. As a monk he was bothered by the selling of indulgences by people like Tezel. There was a jiggle during his time that particularly bothered him - "A coin in the coffer rings, a soul from purgatory springs." He also saw the evils of nepotism and simony.
So, what did Luther want to achieve?
First, he wanted reform. There is no evidence that he wanted to start a new movement. This is important to underline. He did not plan to start the Protestant Reformation.
Second, he wanted clerical abuses to stop. He saw too much of it, and he believed that it was hurting the church. Moreover, the clergy were going against the very thing that God commanded.
Finally, Luther wanted to follow his own conscience. Luther asserted that his conscience was captive to the Word of God and that he could not go against conscience. This is a huge step in religious thinking.
I think one of the main goals of Martin Luther King Jr. was to protest to the world the inequality of how blacks were treated through non-violent protests. He did not want his supporters to go out and harm other people in an attempt to show them how badly blacks were being treated. He wanted his people to truly be free; although the Emancipation Proclamation guaranteed that blacks could no longer be made slaves, they still did not enjoy the freedoms they were to be guaranteed. He wanted everyone to be able to get along no matter the color of their skin and instead of being segregated. In his speech, he stated that his dream was that people "will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character."
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