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There were a number of causes of suburbanization.
First, there was the building of new highways. After World War II, the government started to build many new roads. These roads allowed people to live in the new suburbs and to commute to the cities where they worked.
Second, there was the GI Bill. The GI Bill helped cause suburbanization in a couple of ways. First, it allowed many ex-servicemen to go to college. By going to college, they came to be able to hold middle-class jobs that allowed them to afford the homes in the suburbs. Second, the GI Bill provided loans to ex-soldiers. These loans allowed them to buy the single-family houses in the suburbs.
Finally, the new prosperity in the US economy helped more and more people to be able to buy cars. This was something that had not been possible for some years. This allowed the people to live in the suburbs and drive to the cities.
Thus, the general prosperity of the 1950s, along with actions on the part of the government allowed suburbanization to occur.
The great American suburb came into prominence after World War II. A number of factors promoted this growth.
The GI Bill ensured that returning war veterans obtained education, loans for business and low mortgage rates for housing. This ensured that the returning soldiers started living in suburbs. This bill also led to significant investment in infrastructure, mainly roads. The investment also led to new job opportunities in the suburbs.
City life had its issues like traffic congestion, high crime rates, low standards of living in the inner city, and high property prices. Compared to this, suburbs had cheaper houses, job opportunities, less traffic and better living conditions. And the better infrastructure meant that people could live in the suburbs and drive everyday to work.
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